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CE Marking

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 Guidelines on the application of  
Directive 73/23/EEC and Annex I, II
Low Voltage Electrical Equipment

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  1.   Introduction
  2.   The "Low Voltage" Directive
  3.   Scope of the "Low Voltage" Directive
  4.   Safety requirements for placing on the EU market electrical equipment covered by the "Low Voltage" Directive
  5.   Conformity Assessment Procedures under the "Low Voltage" Directive
  6.   Relationship between the "Low Voltage" Directive and certain other Community Directives
  1. These guidelines have been prepared with a view to assist all parties directly or indirectly involved in the application of Directive 73/23/EEC, the "Low Voltage" Directive. They supersede guidance on the application of that Directive which was given in the Commission's communication of 15 December 1981. 
They have been drawn up by European Commission services and discussed with a Working Party of Government Experts, representatives of European industry and European standardisation bodies. These guidelines reflect the consensus views reached between Commission services and representatives of the Member States in the Working Party.
    1. Readers' attention is drawn to the fact that this Guide is intended only for facilitating the application of the "Low Voltage" Directive and it is the text of the Directive which is legally binding.
This document is not a legally binding interpretation of the Directive. However, it represents a reference for ensuring consistent application of the Directive by all those involved.
    1. These guidelines are not exhaustive: they focus on certain issues only, which, in the light of the experience, are of direct and specific interest for the application of the "Low Voltage" Directive. They are intended to complement the "Guide to the implementation of Community harmonisation directives": published for the first time by the Commission in 1994, as far as issues related in particular to the application of this Directive are concerned. In particular, for the definitions of concepts like "placing on the market", "manufacturer", authorised representative", "importer or person responsible for placing the product on the market", the Guide mentioned above should be consulted.
The issues covered by these guidelines are:
    • the scope of the "Low Voltage" Directive
    • the safety requirements applicable
    • the conformity assessment procedure applicable, including CE marking
    • the relationships with certain other Directives.
    1. Reader’s attention is drawn to the fact that certain products subject to the "Low Voltage" Directive are also subject to other directives. In order to be allowed on the EC market these products must comply also with the provisions of those directives. These guidelines refer to the application of the "Low Voltage" Directive and clarify the relationship between that Directive and certain other directives.



  • Which products are covered?
  • Are "components" included in the scope?
  • Which safety aspects are covered by the Directive?


  • Which are the mandatory safety requirements applicable in the EU?
  • How to ensure conformity to those requirements?


  • What are the conformity assessment procedures to be applied?
  • What must be included in the technical documentation?
  • Who must keep the technical documentation and where?
  • This technical documentation must be kept within the Community.
  • Where must the CE marking be affixed?
  • What are the meaning of, and requirements for the CE marking?
  • Who must keep the declaration of conformity and where?
  • What must be included in the declaration of conformity?


  • What are the requirements applicable to electrical equipment which is also a "machine" (within the meaning of the "Machinery Directive")?
  • What are the requirements applicable to electrical equipment which is intended for hire permanently incorporated in construction works?
  • What is the relation with the "Telecommunication Terminal Equipment" and "Satellites" directives
  • What is the relation with the "Gas Appliances" Directive

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Please click the following links to learn more about every CE-Marking-related European Union Directive, Guidelines to Directives, Frameworks of implementation of Directives, and Agreements on Mutual Recognition of conformity assessment between European Union and other countries such as USA, Japan, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and Israel:-

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  1. What is CE marking (CE mark)?
  2. The CE marking logo (Free download CE mark logo)
  3. Download of the EC Rep symbol/logo
  4. CE Marking (CE mark) EU/EC Declaration of Conformity: definition and required content
  5. What is a manufacturer? What are the responsibilities of a manufacturer?
  6. Is the Own Brand Labeller or Private Labeller considered as the legal Manufacturer?
  7. Why is CE marking called "European passport"?
  8. Does my product need CE Marking in order to be sold/exported on/to the European Market?
  9. How to obtain CE Marking for my product?
  10. How can Wellkang Tech Consulting help me to obtain CE Marking for my product?
  11. Wellkang can be your Authorized Representative in Europe for CE Marking purpose !
  12. Complete list of all CE Marking Directives and Guidelines to Directives
  13. Complete list of all (more than 1000) Notified Bodies for CE marking
  14. Complete list of all European and/or international standards related to CE marking
  15. 85/374/eec: Directive of Liability for Defective Products (for all products)
  16. 1999/34/ec: Directive of Liability for Defective Products (amending) (for all products)
  17. 2000: (Proposal for a new) General Products Safety Directive (for all products)
  18. 92/59/eec: Directive of General Products Safety (for all products)
  19. 93/68/eec: "CE Marking" Directive (for all products)
  20. 93/465/eec: Conformity Assessment Procedures & CE Marking Rules, & Annex (for all products)
  21. Guide to Implementation of directives based on new approach & global approach (for all products)
  22. 73/23/eec: Directive of Low Voltage Electrical Equipment
  23. Guideline to Low Voltage Directive (LVD) 73/23/eec & Annex I, II
  24. 2000&2001 Framework of implementation of (LVD) Directive 73/23/eec
  25. 87/404/eec: Directive of Simple Pressure Vessels
  26. 88/378/eec: Directive of Toys & Annex I, II, ... IV
  27. 89/106/eec: Directive of Construction Products
  28. 89/336/eec: Directive of Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)
  29. Guideline to Directive of Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) 89/336/eec
  30. Communication 2000 in framework of implementation of EMC Directive 89/336/EEC
  31. 89/686/eec: Directive of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
  32. 90/384/eec: Directive of Non-automatic Weighing Instruments
  33. 90/396/eec: Directive of Appliances Burning Gaseous Fuels (AppliGas)
  34. 2001 Commission Communication in Framework of Impl (AppliGas) Directive 90/396/eec
  35. 92/42/eec: Directive of Efficiency of (Liquid or Gaseous fueled) Hot Water Boilers
  36. 93/15/eec: Directive of Explosives for Civil Uses
  37. 93/42/eec: Directive of Medical Devices
  38. 2001 Guidelines for Classification of Medical Devices
  39. Guidelines relating to the demarcation between Directives 90/385/eec, 93/42/eec and 65/65/eec.
  40. 90/385/eec: Directive of Active Implantable Medical Devices
  41. 98/79/ec: Directive of In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices
  42. Guidelines to Medical Devices Vigilance System
  43. List of Harmonised (European) Standards for Medical Devices
  44. List of Notified Bodies for Medical Devices Directive
  45. 93/65/eec: Directive of Air Traffic Management Equipment & Systems
  46. 94/9/ec: Directive of Equipment used in Potentially Explosive Atmospheres (Atex)
  47. Guidelines to directive 94/9/ec (Atex)
  48. 94/25/ec: Directive of Recreational Craft
  49. 95/16/ec: Directive of Lifts
  50. 96/48/ec: Directive of Trans-European High-speed Rail System
  51. 96/57/ec: Directive of Energy Efficiency: Household Refrigerators & Freezers
  52. 96/98/ec: Directive of Marine Equipment
  53. 98/37/ec: Directive of Machinery
  54. 2000: Comments on Directive of Machinery 98/37/ec
  55. 99/5/ec: Directive of Radio Equipment & Telecommunications Terminal Equipment (R&TTE)
  56. 2000/9/ec: Directive of Cableway Installations to Carry Persons
  57. 2000/14/ec: Directive of Noise Emission in the environment by equipment for use outdoors

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